The largest cycling tournament in the world Tour de France is a sports event loved by tens of millions of people around the world but little is known about the history of this race and the colors of the shirt. Which the cyclists wear when they win.
History of Tour de France
Tour de France (French) – also known as Grande Boucle or simply Le Tour, translated as Around France.
The idea of Tour de France came from the 1900s. At that time, in France, there was a major sports newspaper – L’Auto Velo. The publication of L’Auto Velo newspaper in support of Mr. Albert Dreyfus – a French soldier accused of selling military secrets to Germany – made L’Auto Velo sponsor angry and decided to set up a sports newspaper to be a competitor – Le Velo. After Dreyfus, France split into two camps – those who believed that Dreyfus was guilty and those who thought he was innocent. The sponsor sided with the first and forced L’Auto Velo to change its name to L’Auto.
The competition between the two newspapers became fierce and L’Auto quickly lost ground to the opponent. The newspaper needs to do something stronger to survive.
This idea was formed in 1902 by Georges Lefèvre – a journalist of L’Auto. He wants to have a tough, long, scale and better cycling race than any race. The first Tour de France began on July 1, 1903, starting in Montgeron on the outskirts of Paris with 60 riders participating in the competition, a 6-stage race with a total length of 2,428 km from Paris through cities (and also the destination of each race) such as Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nantes and then return to Paris. There are many holidays between the stages.
This race has fascinated the audience from 1903 to the present, except during World War 1 (from 1915 to 1918) and World War 2 (from 1940 to 1946) is not the executive advanced organization. The race has been successful and is held every year for 3 weeks of July with the race across France and neighboring countries.
Tour de France is often considered the most difficult bicycle race in the world and this race has a total of 21 stages, a journey of about 3,360 km in 3 weeks, including up and down mountain routes. Not only that, but the endurance of the riders is also challenged by the time of the race this year in the hot and hot sun of summer.
Usually, riders will have 2 days off between stages. This year, a total of 22 racing teams including 5 French teams, the rest are from the United States, England, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands, Switzerland, Russia, South Africa, Australia, Spain, Italy, Kazakhstan.
The American Lance Armstrong has become a legendary character of the world cycling with 7 championships from 1999 to 2005, so unlike previous years, this year’s bicycle race is difficult to predict who will win the title. won the Tour de France because no one really excels. The four cyclists predicted by the sports industry to be able to win the yellow jersey of 2015 are Vincenzo Nibali, the Italian who won the 2014 Tour de France; Chris Froome, English, champion 2013; Alberto Contador, a Spaniard, won the 2007 and 2009 championships, or the “expert” climbing Nairo Quintana, a Colombian, came second in 2013.
Winning shirt color
In the Tour de France, a number of strikingly colored shirts are used to mark the best cyclists in many scoring ways. After each stage, there is a ceremony to wear clothes for cyclists. When a crab occupies more than one shirt at the same time, he will wear the more important one in the same order: yellow, blue and then red dots.
Yellow shirt: The cyclist has the shortest total time wearing the famous yellow shirt for the person who is leading the table and so that the viewer can easily identify who is leading (this shirt was launched in 1919). )
Blue shirt: The fastest cyclist is honored to wear a blue shirt (this shirt dates back to 1953). This ranking is based on a scoring system and counts first as the finish of the race, but mid-distance sprint races are also assessed. In the flat race is calculated more than the climbing.
Red dot shirt: The mountain climbing award has been in existence since 1933 but it was not until 1975 that a white red dot shirt was awarded.
White shirt: Best young professional cyclist (under 26 years old) – who finishes the race in the shortest total time. This award was put into the program in Tour de France 1975, the way of scoring similar to the way of scoring for yellow shirts.
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