Rugby is a team sport with two-team that competes with an oval on the grass played in English schools during the 19th century. Rugby league including 2 types, which are Rugby League and Rugby Union.
Rules In Rugby Union
Rules In Rugby Union, each team will have 15 people, the ball weighs 382 – 425 grams, leather and soccer field with dimensions of 95 – 100 m long and 65 – 68 m wide. There is a goal frame of H-shaped( from 3.5 – 6.1 m high, 5.65 m wide, 3 m high crossbar at the end of the yard. The ball hits the opponent’s goal to score a point. If the ball is brought to the back of the goal line, 5 points will be awarded and the team then has the right to shoot the ball into the bar to receive an additional 2 points. If the ball kicks (direct kick or free kick) flying into the goal above the beam will be graded 3 points. Unlike football, rugby players use both hands and feet. If passing by hand, the player may only pass backward. If on foot, the player is passed in all directions.
In the Rugby League, each team has 13 people, playing the ball and the field like Union. However, the rugby league only allows 6 players to be wrestled down to earn points.
Rugby was born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England in 1823. The International Amateur Rugby League (abbreviated FIRA in French Fédération Internationale de Rugby Amateur, English name Association of European Rugby) was founded in 1934. FIRA, the unofficial world championship, has been held since 1960.
Rugby is popular in many countries, including Argentina, Australia, England, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland, South Africa, Wales, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Fiji, Georgia, Japan, Namibia, Uruguay, Romania, the United States, Spain, Tonga, Samoa, and Portugal. The more popular is the Rugby Union, which is played in all of the above countries. Rugby League is seen as less popular and is primarily played in New Zealand and Australia with Papua New Guinea.
Origin Rugby balls
The origin of rugby is thought to have originated in a controversy during the English school football match at Rugby School in 1823 when William Webb Ellis picked up the ball by hand and kept the ball with him. Although evidence for this story has not been given, it has become immortal at this school because a memorial was posted in 1895, and although people still have doubts about the story. This, however, the Rugby World Cup trophy is officially named after Webb Ellis. Rugby football (English is now rugby football) is derived from the form of the game that takes place at Rugby school, in which the former students of the school introduced this form to the university.
Rugby alumni, Albert Pell, who later studied at Cambridge, is considered to be the founder of the first “rugby” team. In the early days, each school had different rules of play. Rugby and Eton students try to bring their rules to the universities.
The first international matches
The first rugby match took place on March 27, 1871, between Scotland and England. Scotland won 1: 1. By 1881 both Ireland and Wales had a team, and in 1883 they organized the first international tournament called the Home Nations Championship. 1883 was also the first year that there was a rugby seven held in Melrose Sevens, a tournament that is still held today.
Two foreign tours took place in 1888: a team of players from the British Isles arrived in Australia and New Zealand, paving the way for further British and Irish trips. Lions; and New Zealand Natives crossed the ocean to compete in front of the UK audience.
In the early stages of rugby union, when commercial flights were not yet launched, teams from other continents hardly competed against each other. Both tours took place in 1888 when the British archipelago toured in New Zealand and Australia, and then in the opposite direction, New Zealand landed in Europe. travels by Southern Hemisphere teams like Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa to Northern Hemisphere countries, and return trips by a British and Irish coalition team. It was because the travel was time-consuming as well as the number of matches; The New Zealand team in 1888 began their tour from Hawkes Bay in June and ended in August 1889, completing 107 matches.
From 1905 to 1908, all three major rugby representatives of the Southern Hemisphere took turns traveling to the Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand in 1905, South Africa in 1906 and Australia in 1908. All three teams brought to play, physical and tactical new, and proved much more successful than what experts predict.
The New Zealand 1905 tournament team performed a haka dance before their match. Witnessing this, the Rugby Union Wales executive Tom Williams asked the Welsh player Teddy Morgan to direct the audience of the Wales national theater, Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau, in return. After Morgan began to sing, the crowd of fans immediately followed. It was the first time a national anthem had been played before a sporting event began. In 1905 France and England met in the first official international match.
Rugby union is a sport at the Olympics at four games in the 20th century. No rugby or international-level club matches were held during World War. First, instead, they competed in military teams, such as the Army of New Zealand. During World War II there were only a few international matches of Italy, Germany and Romania, while Cambridge and Oxford continue to host the University Match.
The first international seven-player rugby tournament took place in 1973 at Murrayfield, one of Scotland’s largest stadiums, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Scottish Rugby Union.
World Cup and professionalization
1987 was the first year the Rugby World Cup was hosted with Australia and New Zealand host, and the first team to win was New Zealand. The first seven-person Rugby World Cup was held in Murrayfield in 1993. Rugby Sevens has been held at the First Commonwealth Games in 1998 and has been an Olympic sport since 2016.
Rugby union was still an amateur sport before the IRB officially opened its doors to the sport in 1995, removing restrictions on the payment of players. allegations of “shamateurism” (high pay for amateur athletes),  one of which forced British officials into the investigation.   After professionalization, international tournaments for the club were born, including the Heineken Cup and Super Rugby.
The League of Nations, including Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, has been held annually since 1996. In 2012, the tournament featured the participation of Argentina, the team with an impressive performance in international matches. After adding another team, the name was changed to The Rugby Championship.
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